Jackson/Lawrence County, Indiana Genealogy

The goal of this blog is to document my research into the genealogy of southern Indiana, particularly that of Jackson and Lawrence Counties. As I gather original information, I will include it here with images. I would greatly appreciate any images that others may care to share. I will post them here with a grateful acknowledgement. I also love Sudoku puzzles and publish original ones from time to time. The address for the sudoku blog is http://uniqueandfunsudokupuzzles.blogspot.com/

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Location: Indiana, United States

Wednesday, April 26, 2006

Jackson County History--Biographies Part 5 (pages 622-639)

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LEONARD C. HUFFINGTON
Within the pages of this work will be found individual mention of many worthy citizens of Jackson county who have proved how great are the possibilities for attaining success and independence through the proper carrying forward of the great fundamental industry of agriculture, and among the number it is pleasing to note that not a few are native sons of the county and have here passed their entire lives. One of such is he whose name initiates this paragraph and who is one of the prominent and influential farmers of this favored section of the Hoosier commonwealth. Mr. Huffington was born on the old homestead farm, in Carr township, this county, on the 10th of October, 1857, being a son of Albert M. G. and Nancy (Shewmaker) Huffington, both of whom were likewise born and reared in this county, which fact indicates that our subject is a representative of early pioneer families. James Huffington, the paternal grandfather, was a native of Maryland, where the family was established in the colonial epoch of our national history, and he came to Indiana in a very early day, settling in Jackson county, where he took up a large tract of government land, having purchased more than three thousand acres from the government and having been in good financial circumstances at the time of coming to the state, so that his lot was somewhat easier than that of the average pioneer. He effected the reclamation of a large amount of land and was one of the influential citizens of the county at the time of his death, while he provided well for each of his children. The father of the subject, who was born September 9, 1846, was intimately adept with the reclamation of much land in the county, which was a forest wilderness at the time when the family here established a home, and he was the owner of a huge valuable landed estate at the time of his death, on the 14th of May, 1869. The widow is still living and resides with the subject of this sketch, being seventy years of age at the time of this writing, she being born January 29, 1834. She has long been a devoted member of the Christian church. In politics A. M. G. Huffington was a man of sterling character and held the unqualified esteem of all who knew him, while his life was one of signal honor and usefulness. He was originally a Whig and became a Republican when that party organized. This worthy couple became parents of five sons, namely: Josiah, who married Miss Emzilla Speaks, and is now engaged in farming in Kansas; C** E. W., born October 13, 1855, and was hit by a train on April 25, 1881; James, who was born October 13, 1853, died February X, 1862; Leonard C., who is the immediate subject of this review; and Josephus, born September 10, 1850, who is engaged in stock dealing in Kansas. The mother of the subject is a daughter of Josiah and Lucretia (Crum) Shewmaker. Josiah Shewmaker was born in Cumberland county, Kentucky, on June 7, 1803. He came to Jackson county with his parents in 1811. His father, Leonard C. Shewmaker was born May 13, 1758, and died October 13, 1837, while his wife Eunice, was born February 17, 1170, and died in September, 1826. The grandfather of the subject was

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Josiah Shewmaker, and his wife, Lucretia Crum were married November 4, 1824, and lived together fifty-three years, four months and twenty-eight days. She was born in Clark County, Indiana. To their union four children were born, three of whom died in infancy. Leonard C. Huffington grew to maturity under the invigorating discipline of the homestead farm, while his educational advantages were those afforded in the public schools of his native county. At the age of eighteen years he assumed charge of the farms owned by his maternal grandfather in Carr township, the same comprising three hundred acres, and to this he has added until he now has about seven hundred acres, the greater part of which is very good land. The place is equipped with the best of permanent improvements, including a large and substantial residence, and he gives his attention to diversified agriculture and to the raising of live stock of high grade. He rents a portion of his farm and employs others in carrying on the work of the remainder, while he maintains a general supervision of the place, and is known as one of the substantial and progressive farms and public-spirited citizens of the county in which his entire life has been passed. He is a stalwart Republican in his political proclivities and fraternally is affiliated with Brownstown Lodge No. 60, Knights of Pythias. Mrs. Huffington is a member of the Christian church, to whose support our subject contributes a due quota. On the 12th of May, 1886, Mr. Huffington was united in marriage to Miss Olean Hinderlider, a representative of one of the old and honored families of this section of the state. She was born and reared in Carr township, Jackson county, February 3, 1868, and is a daughter of Daniel P. Hinderlider, of whom individual mention is made elsewhere in this work.

C. C. FREY
Most men who attain success in life do so either by the good fortune of immediate friends, who assist in pushing them to the front, or by faithful service which, in the end, brings its reward. In early times there were not so many openings for young men, and those who expected to succeed wee compelled to begin at the bottom and work up, this being especially true of those who held clerical positions and were employed by others. C. C. Frey, the subject of this sketch, came to Indian with his parents from Baltimore, Maryland,. The first settled at Utica, Indiana, on the Ohio river, and removed to Seymour in 1855. At that time there were few houses in Seymour, the Jeffersonville, Madison & Indianapolis Railroad had been built only a few years, and the Ohio & Mississippi, or, as it is now known, the Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern, came but a short time before Mr. Frey’s family settled in Seymour. The subject was only a small boy, but his arrival was in time to permit him to grow up with what was destined to become one of the thriving and prosperous business centers of southern Indiana. Mr. Frey’s parents came to America from Germany, and were of that sturdy

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stock which has contributed so largely to the substantial and continued growth of this western continent. When in his teens he became a telegraph operator. He was first employed by the Ohio & Mississippi Railway as agent at Nebraska, Indiana, in 1865. After serving the company faithfully at that point, and showing his ability, he was appointed to a similar position at Medora where he remained for about eight years. From Medora he was promoted to the agency at Mitchell, continuing for a like period. The next position assigned him was at Flora, Illinois, and at this point he remained until June 13, 1877, when he came to the Seymour agency, in which position he still continues, having charge of the very large freight and passenger business of the Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern Railway business at this place. He will son complete his thirty-ninth year with the one company, although it cannot be said to be the same company, on account of the many changes in that time. Few, if any, officers connected with the company when he became agent are now in the same positions, in fact, many of the original officers are either dead or have quit the railroad business. Should he remain with the road until June, 1905, he will round out forty years in its service. Since he became a citizen of Seymour in 1877 Mr. Frey has served two years in the city council, and has been a member of the city school board for nineteen years continuously. Mr. Frey became a member of the Baptist church of Seymour about fifteen years ago, and has served that organization as a deacon. At this writing he is one of the three senior deacons, and is held in high esteem by his many friends.

B. F. PRICE
B. F. Price, president of the Seymour National Bank, is a native of Ohio, and came to Indiana in 1860. His parents came to America from Ireland. When Mr. Price came to this state he stopped at Jonesville, where he read medicine with his brother who had but recently begun the practice of medicine. In 1863 they removed to Seymour and Mr. Price engaged in the unknown business until 1876, when he sold his store and engaged in grain business for about unknown years. He became auditor of Jackson county by appointment in 1878, to fill an unexpired term, and was twice elected auditor, making in all about ten years he served his county in this position. He was the second man elected clerk of the city of Seymour, which office he held three terms. He was also collector of internal revenue for Jackson county during the presidency of Andrew Johnson. When he completed an official term as county auditor he filled an uncompleted term as postmaster of the city of Seymour. Later Mr. Price became president of the Seymour Ice and Electric Light Company. He had been a stockholder and director in the Jackson County Bank, and soon after he retired from the Ice and Electric Light Company he became president of the Seymour National Bank in 1892, and is now in his thirteenth year in said position. When Mr. Price came to Jackson county there were hardly any public roads, or such as were in existence could hardly be traveled, and there was but three brick buildings in the town of Seymour, the population being only about twelve hun-

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dred. At the time of his coming to Indiana his family consisted of a wife and two small daughters. He had been west looking for a place to locate, but heard there were splendid openings in the south part of Indiana and turned his attention in this direction. In addition to his interests in the Seymour National Bank, of which he is president, he is also a stockholder in the First National Bank and in the Jackson County Load and Trust Company. He has been treasurer of the Seymour Water Company since its organization and is still serving in that capacity. A term of more than forty years in business in one county is a rare record, and but few men can point to such a history. It is such men that give a community or a city its character and not only assure its progress but its stability and permanency. Mr. Price is a Democrat in politics, while his fraternal affiliations are with Seymour Lodge No. 204, Independent Order of the Odd Fellows.

THOMAS F. ZOLLMAN
Few names are better known to residents of Jackson county than that of Zollman, which has been made familiar by a connection of nearly ninety years with the growth and development of this section. The family is of Virginia origin, the ancestry on both sided being identified with the history of the Old Dominion from a period antedating the Revolutionary war. The founder of the house came from Germany during the colonial days and located in what is now West Virginia, where he eventually accumulated a landed estate of considerable value. At his death he owned the celebrated White Sulphur Springs, in Greenbrier county, first known as the “Dagger Springs” by reason of his widow subsequently marrying a man of the last mentioned name. Three sons of the original Mrs. Zollman by her second husband afterward migrated to Indiana and formed part of the sturdy frontiersmen who figure in history as the early pioneers. Ada Zollman, a son by his father’s first marriage, was born in Rockbridge county, Virginia, during the last quarter of the eighteenth century, and, when a young man, tendered his services to the state during the war of 1812. He married Polly, daughter of Henry Miller, who served under Washington during the war for American independence and became a man of influence in his section of the Old Dominion. About the year 1817 Adam Zollman removed to Indiana and first located in Washington county, but after remaining there two years decided on a change of situation. In one of the clumsy wagons of those days, drawn by oxen, he transferred his family and belongings to Jackson county, which was destined to be the scene of all the future operations of himself and a long line of descendants. He purchased forty acres of wild government land, then so cheap and abundant, and by hard work eventually converted it into the comfortable homestead occupied at the time of his death in 1853. He left three children; Mary Ann, who died as the wife of Richard Black; Sally, now deceased, who married Isaac Woolery; and

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Henry, who subsequently became the wealthy and influential farmer now so well known as a citizen of Owen township. Henry Zollman was born on his father’s farm in Jackson county, February 18, 1821, and grew up amid the scenes of pioneer hardship which many pens have made history. Educational opportunities were few and far between in those days and the best a pioneer boy could expect were a few winter terms in one of the old-fashioned subscription schools taught in the rude log cabin so famous in song and story. Another education, however, more valuable if less literary, was never lacking its essential feature being familiarity with hard work of all kinds, especially that connected with the grubbing, clearing, fencing and improving the wild land, which invariably fell to the lot of the first settlers. When Henry reached legal age his father gave him forty acres of land, which he increased by entering an adjoining tract of similar area, and the conversion of this into cultivable soil constituted the task of many subsequent years. About half of his holdings was cleared by his own manual labor, and none familiar with conditions then prevailing need to be told of the toil and strain involved in the undertaking. The slow but sure ox team, the ax, the mattock and the saw, those indispensable aids of the pioneer farmer, figured as the chief factors of this tedious process of reclamation. Energy and industry, however, eventually conquered, as they always do, and in course of time the patient husbandman was rewarded with smiling fields and bursting granaries. So matters went along for ten or twelve years, when Mr. Zollman, by virtue of increasing prosperity, was able to branch out somewhat along new lines. He brought and sold stock extensively, handled real estate on a large scale, and by slow degrees accumulated what was considered a large fortune before and subsequent to the period of the Civil war. It is estimated that during his career Mr. Zollman has handled fully ten thousand acres of land in Jackson county and he long ago established the reputation of being one of the safest and most successful traders of his time. His homestead about two and a half miles from Medora and there, in a commodious and comfortable residence, he is passing the evening of his life in the affectionate regard of relatives and friends. By virtue of years as well as work and achievement he enjoys general esteem as the leading citizen of Carr township. He has ever used his wealth and influence for the furtherance of all worthy causes, been progressive and public spirited and a splendid example for the guidance of the rising generation. Throughout life he has been a conservative but zealous advocate of Democratic principles and has been called on by his party to fill numerous positions of local trust and responsibility. In 1842 Mr. Zollman married Nancy Hobson, daughter of an early settler of Jackson county. She died some two years later, leaving an orphan child that survived by one year. In 1849 Mr. Zollman was united in marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew and Zipporah (Tood) Dodge, both natives of Kentucky who came to Jackson county at the early period of its history. The former was a tanner by trade, but subsequently acquired land and became a farmer of prominence and influence. This second marriage of Mr. Zollman resulted in the birth of ten children: Cynthia, wife of W. R. Holland,

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Phoebe, wife of D. M. Hughes; Samuel T., a resident of Bedford, Indiana; George W., successful farmer of Carr township; Florence, wife of John Hamilton, who is engaged in the hardware business at Medora; Alice, still with her parents; Thomas F., the subject of this sketch; Henry J., a merchant at Bedford; Elizabeth, wife of George Owens, engaged in merchandising, and a child that died in infancy. Mr. Zollman gave all of the children good educations and assisted them to start in life by donations of ten thousand dollars to each one. No child ever had kinder parents than Henry and Mrs. Zollman, who have lived together in fond affection and mutual respect for more than sixty years. Thomas F. Zollman, whose name appears as sixth in the above enumerated list, was born on the old homestead in Jackson county, Indiana, March 11, 1860. After the usual course in school, and a valuable training in business under his experienced father, he began life when twenty-one years old as proprietor of seventy acres of land which, by subsequent additions, has been increased to two hundred and forty acres, all of which is of good quality and at present in excellent condition for agricultural purposes. In 1901 Mr. Zollman built a fine residence which was supplemented two years later by the erection of one of the most commodious barns in the neighborhood. He buys and sells stock and carries on general agriculture, raising all of the cereal crops appropriate to southern Indiana, and altogether has shown himself in the methods of business to be a “worthy son of a worthy sire.” He has been quite successful in his operations and is regarded as one of the wealthiest farmers of his age in the county. Though a Democrat in his political connections, he as neither care for nor sought office, his only service in that line being short term as township trustee, to which he was appointed in 1903. His fraternal connections are confined to the Knights of Pythias, of which popular society he is an active and zealous member. In 1883 Mr. Zollman was united in marriage with Miss Delia C., daughter of James and Margaret Bennett, a native of Washington county, who subsequently came to Jackson county with her parents. Mr. and Mrs. Zollman have three children, Jessie, a bright young lady of eighteen summers, Grace and Floyd, all of whom still remain with their parents.

FRANCIS M. THOMPSON
The subject of this sketch is one of the representative farmers of the county, his well improved and attractive homestead being located in section 17, Driftwood township, and he is also a scion of one of the sterling pioneer families of this section of the state, which has been his home from the time of his birth to the present. Mr. Thompson was born on the paternal homestead farm in Driftwood township, on the 28th of January, 1844, and is a son of Turner W. and Polly E. (Thompson) Thompson, the former of whom was likewise born and reared in this township, his birth having occurred April 17, 1820, while

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the latter was born in Washington county, December 1, 1818. James Thompson, the grandfather of the subject, who was of Scotch descent, and who came from Kentucky to Jackson county within the second decade of the nineteenth century, having thus been numbered among the early settlers of the county, where he passed the remainder of his life. He secured a tract of nine hundred acres of government land, and here reclaimed a farm in the midst of the primitive wilds. Turner W. Thompson was reared on this pioneer farmstead and literally grew up with the country, while through his life and labors he added prestige to the honored name which he bore. He continued to be here actively identified with agricultural pursuits until his death, which occurred about the 6th of March, 1894, at which time was seventy-four years of age. His wife preceded him into eternal rest, her death having occurred on the 12th of July, 1865. Mr. Thompson was originally a Whig in politics and espoused the cause of the Republican party at the time of its organization. Both he and his wife were consistent members of the Christian church, and were held in high regard in the community in which the so long made their children, namely: Francis M., who is the immediate subject of this review; Unity, born November 14, 1846, and died November, 1870; Laura U., born April 4, 1850, who is the wife of George Tash, of Washington county, Indiana; Clinton L, born April 19, 1853, who is engaged in farming in Driftwood township; and Polly Ora, born November 26, 1857, who married David G. Hotchkiss, of Vernon township, Jackson county. The father was a valiant soldier in the Civil war, having served as a member of Company F, Fifth Indiana Volunteer Cavalry, from 1862 until the close of the war. Francis M. Thompson was reared to the invigorating and sturdy discipline of the farm and his educational advantages in youth were those afforded in the county schools of his native comity, and that he has profited by the opportunities thus afforded is evident when we revert to the fact that as a young man he was a successful teacher in the district schools of the county, devoting his attention for several years to teaching during the winter terms, while in the work of the home far, of which he had charge during the absence of his father at the time of the war of the Rebellion. He continued to remain beneath the parental roof until he had attained the age of twenty-six years, and in 1868 he purchased seventy-seven and one-half acres of land in section 17, Driftwood township, to which he later added sixty acres, so that he now has a fine farm of one hundred and thirty-seven and one-half acres, the place being improved with excellent buildings and being maintained under a high state of cultivation, while he is known as one of the energetic and progressive farms and able business men of this section and is held in high regard by all who know him. In politics he accords an unqualified allegiance to the Republican party, fraternally is identified with Vallonia Lodge No. 439, Knights of Pythias, at Vallonia, which is his postoffice town; and both he and his wife are prominent and valued members of the Christian church, as was his first wife. On the 6th of March, 1870, Mr. Thomp-

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son was united in marriage to Miss Semira Ralph, who was born October 27, 1847, and reared in Washington county, being a daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth Ralph, and who died on the 24th of April, 1885. Of this union were born four children: Della, born July 18, 1872, died September 8, 1873; Minnie, born November 23, 1873, is now the wife of Jefferson Wright, a successful farmer of this county; Pearley, born February 13, 1876, died April 6, 1890; Floyd, born November 8, 1883, who is attending the public schools, and a son who died in infancy. On the 13th of February, 1889, Mr. Thompson consummated a second marriage, being then united to Miss Hassie Crockett, who was born in this county, being a daughter of Frank M. and Mary Ellen Crockett, the former a native of Washington county and the latter of Jackson county, in which latter county Mr. Crockett took up his abode in the early fifties. Of this second marriage was born one child, which died in infancy.

DAVID FITZGIBBON
David Fitzgibbon of Sparksville, has been a familiar figure in Jackson county for many years by reason of his long connection with the railroad work and his interests as a farmer. He is of Irish lineage on the side of both father and mother, though himself a native and lifelong resident of Indiana. His parents were Michael and Ann (Ryan) Fitzgibbon, the former of whom emigrated to the United States about 1850, locating first in New Orleans, subsequently removing to Cincinnati and later to Indiana, where he died in 1866. David Fitzgibbon was born in Lawrence county, Indiana, December 28, 1856, and when ten years old removed with his mother to Jackson county. His first work was done on a farm for wages and he continued in this line until 1873, when he entered the service of the company owning what is now the Baltimore & Ohio Southwester Railroad. He soon rose to the position of section foreman and has held that place for the last twenty-four years, which is ample evidence of the fidelity and reliability with which he performed the important duties entrusted to his charge. Meantime he saved his money, invested it with good judgment from time to time in land until his real estate holdings now amount to three hundred twenty acres, all of which is of good quality and most of it in cultivation. As his railroad work requires most of his time, he either rents his land or carries on his agricultural operations by hired help. In September, 1884, Mr. Fitzgibbon was united in marriage with Miss Adelia, daughter of William H. Carr, a prominent farmer whose biography is presented at length in another part of this volume. By this union there have been three children: John, who died at the age of two and a half years; Ann and Florence, both at home. Mrs. Fitzgibbon is a member of the Christian church and takes an interest in its missionary and other work. In politics Mr. Fitzgibbon affiliates with the Democratic party, but has never been an office seeker or asked

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for political office of any kind. He is in every respect a self made man, and few persons who began life so unpretentiously can show a better record of accomplishment. Starting without a cent, and with but a limited education, he has be dint of hard labor and thrift accumulated a handsome home, with ample provision for his children as well as for himself, when the lengthening shadows foretell the evening of life.

JAMES H. FINDLEY
Mr. Findley is one of the representative citizens of Brownstown, the attractive judicial center of Jackson county, and in the connection it is pleasing to here record that he is a native son of the place and a member of one of the leading pioneer families of this section of the Hoosier state. He was born in Brownstown, on the 24th of March, 1841, and is a son of Hugh A. and Rebecca (Coons) Findley, the former of whom was born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, on the 18th of October, 1792, while the latter was born on the 12th of December, 1801, their marriage having been solemnized in Clark county, Indiana. Abel Findley, the grandfather of the subject, who was born December 19, 1770, was likewise a native of the old Keystone state of the Union, where the family was founded during the early colonial epoch in that state. He removed with his family from Pennsylvania to Kentucky, thence to Clark county, Indiana, and in 1813 he came to Jackson county and took up government land one and one-half miles northeast of the present village of Brownstown, being one of the early settlers of Jackson county and one who was prominent and influential in public affairs in the pioneer era. He was one of three judges of the courts in this county in early days, serving on the bench for a number of years and also giving attention to reclamation and proper improvement of his farm, a portion of which old homestead remains in possession of his descendants. He here passed the closing years of his long and useful life, being called to his reward in the fullness of years and well earned honors, dying December 29, 1845. He married, October 15, 1790, Rebecca Courtney. Hugh A. Findley was a child at the time of the family’s removal from Pennsylvania to Jackson county, and he was reared to maturity on the old ancestral homestead mentioned, while his educational advantages in his youth were the best which the location and period afforded. He inherited a section of the old homestead and became one of the successful farmers of the county, while his life was so ordered as to ably uphold the prestige of the honored name which he bears. He possessed marked mechanical ability and followed the blacksmith and gunsmith trades in connection with his farm work for a number of years. Imbued with the utmost integrity of purpose, honest, straightforward in thought, word and deed, he was naturally accorded the fullest unknown of popular confidence and esteem in the community in which he made his home during the major portion of his life. He lived to

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attain the patriarchal age of eighty-seven years, his death occurring on the fine old homestead, on the 24th of January, 1880, while his beloved and devoted wife was also summoned into eternal rest on the 2d of July 1866. They became the parents of seven sons and six daughters, of whom only two sons, George and the subject, are now living. Hettie, the last of the daughters, died February 13, 1904, while George is a prominent citizen residing four miles west of the village of Seymour, this county, being also a veteran of the Civil war. The mother was a zealous member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and in politics the father was a stanch Republican at the time of his demise, being a man of much intellectual force and ever manifesting a lively interest in the questions and issues of the hour. James H. Findley, the immediate subject of this review, was reared on the home farm and early began to render his quota of unknown in its cultivation, while his educational training in his youth was secured in the common schools of the county. He continued to be identified with agricultural pursuits on the homestead until 1872, when he removed to Brownstown and engaged in the general merchandise business, forming a partnership with Wright Vermilya, under the firm name of Vermilya & Findley. The continued to be thus associated until 1878, when the subject withdrew from the firm and engaged individually in business here, continuing his attention to the handling of dry goods for the first three years and then adding a clothing and men’s furnishing department to the enterprise, which became one of the leading mercantile concerns of the county, controlling a large and representative patronage. Mr. Findley continued to be actively in supervision of this business until 1900, when he met with a considerable loss by fire, and finally sold out the business and established himself in the real-estate and loan business, in which he built up a prosperous enterprise, continuing operations until 1902, since which time he has lived practically retired in Brownstown, having accumulated a competence and being surrounded by a host of old and tried friends, to whom he accords the most loyal fealty. When the People’s State Bank of Brownstown was organized he was elected vice-president of the same, but on account of the illness of the president he discharge that gentleman’s duties until the de3ath of the latter, when he was elected president. Upon the organization of the Brownstown State Bank Mr. Findley severed his connection with the People’s Bank and was elected vice-president of the former, which office he still holds. He is the owner of valuable real estate in this county and also in Knox county, and has gained success and independence through his old well directed efforts. In politics he accords a stanch allegiance to the Republican party, but has never sought the honors or emoluments of public office; fraternally he is identified with Brownstown Lodge No. 13, Free and Accepted Masons, and with the auxiliary chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star, of which Mrs. Findley also is a member; and both have been for many years prominent and valued members of the Presbyterian church, of which he is an elder. They have taken an active part in the social life of the community, and their attractive home is a center of refined and gracious hospitality. On the 2d of January, 1870, was solem-

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nized the marriage of Mr. Findley to Miss Sarah Hamilton, who was born and reared in Brownstown, being a daughter of John R. and Easter (Robertson) Hamilton, who were numbered among the early settlers in the county.

NATHAN FARMER DAVIS, M. D.
Among the advanced and successful physicians and surgeons of Jackson county is found Dr. Davis, who is engaged in the practice of his profession in the village of Freetown, having a representative support in the community, and being held in high esteem in professional, business and social circles. The Doctor is a native son of Indiana and the representative of one of its sterling pioneer families. He was born on the old homestead farm, near the city f Marion, Grant county, on the 26th of December, 1853, and is a son of George and Charlotte (Baldwin) Davis, the former of whom was born in Pennsylvania, in 1814, while the latter was born in North Carolina in 1818, both being birthright members of the Society of Friends, to whose simple and noble faith they ever held, exemplifying the same in their daily walk. George Davis came to Grant county, Indiana, in 1833, and located on a tract of wild land, which he secured from the government, and there he improved a valuable farm, upon which he continued to reside until his death in 1901, at the patriarchal age of ninety-unknown years, his devoted wife having been summoned into eternal rest December 6th, unknown. He was signally prospered in temporal affairs, having two hundred and forty acres in the homestead farm at the time of his demise, while he also owned other land in Grant county. He was a stanch Republican in politics and wielded much influence in public affairs of a local nature. His father, Joseph Davis, was a native of the state of Pennsylvania, and was a son of William Davis, the son of John William Davis came to American from unknown land in an early day, the name having been identified with the annals of the old Keystone state. It is a noteworthy unkown in the connection that none of the unknown line has died until at least seventy unknown years of age. George and Charlotte (Baldwin) Davis became the parents of ten children, namely: Eliza A., who is deceased; Franklin W., who is a resident of Fairmount, Indiana; Emily, who is deceased; Mary, who married John Daugherty, a resident of Grant county, Indiana; Oliver, who resides in Marion, Indiana; Melissa, who is deceased; the immediate subject of this review; Fremont, who is deceased; Joseph, who is a resident of Grant county, Indiana, and Catherine, who married E. R. Neal, and resides in Grant county, Indiana. Dr. Davis passed his youthful days on the old homestead farm, and secured an educational discipline in the public schools. His ambition was quickened to attain a more advanced education and to prepare himself for the noble profession of medicine, and he early began his me-

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dical reading, which he continued in an individual way until 1882, when he was matriculated in the Eclectic Medical Institute, in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, where he completed the prescribed course and was graduate as a member of the class of 1883, receiving his degree of Doctor of Medicine. He began the practice of medicine on July 24, 1883, at Burr Oak, Jewell county, Kansas, where he spent two years, and then helped to organize Gore City, Gore county, Kansas, and there practiced five years. He then engaged in practice at Amboy, Indiana, and spent three years on Coffee county, Tennessee, practicing in Manchester, the county seat. Returning from Tennessee he began practice at Surprise, Jackson county, Indiana. In 1897 he took a post-graduate course in the Curtis Physio-Medical Institute, at Marion, Indiana, and in the same year completed a special course in the eclectic science as applied to the alleviation of disease, in the National College of Electro-Therapeutics, at Indianapolis, thus further fortifying himself for success in his chosen vocation. He began practice in Freetown March 14, 1903, and has ever since had this locality as his field of professional endeavor, having built up a large and representative business and commanding the high regard of the community, both as a physician and as a citizen. The Doctor is radically opposed to the liquor traffic and shows consistency in giving an unqualified support to the Prohibition party, in whose cause he is an active and enthusiastic worker. He and his wife are birthright members of the Society of Friends. On the 17th of June, 1876, Dr. Davis was united in marriage to Miss Hannah Beeson, who was born in Grant county, this state, being a daughter of Charles and Prudence (Roberts) Beeson, the former of whom was a successful medical practitioner and was also engaged in farming. Dr. and Mrs. Davis have had eight children, concerning whom we incorporate brief record at this juncture: Myrta is the wife of Von Goodykoontz, a farmer of Grant county; Joseph is ensign on the United States trainingship “Yankee;” Nellie remains at the parental home; Levi died at the age of four years; Lawrence is at home and in school; Loyd is attending the village schools; George died at the age of two months, and Mary is attending the home schools. The family residence is one of the attractive homes of the village and is a center of gracious hospitality.

WILLIAM H. CARR
William H. Carr, a well-known farmer and business man of Jackson county, comes of a family which has been identified with southern Indiana during the whole of the century which closes with the year 1904. His grandfather, John Carr, came from Ireland before the Revolutionary war, located in Pennsylvania and spent his whole life in that state as a tiller of soil. He left a son named Thomas, who went to Kentucky, when thirteen years old, to live with an

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uncle, remained there until reaching manhood, and crossed the river into Indiana about the year 1804. He purchased land in the wilds of Clark county, but after spending six years in the hard work of clearing his property, decided in 1810 to remove for permanent settlement to the county of Jackson. He first bought a place near what is now Vallonia, but a few years later disposed of this and purchased land in what afterward was named Carr township in honor of himself. This made the third time he had settled in the woods and cleared farms and gave him the right to the title of several times a first settler as well as a pioneer of the pioneers. After much laborious work and all the hardships and privations incident to those days, he at length found himself in possession of a good home and what was for those times a fairly well improved farm. In politics he was a Democrat of the old school and was at one time elected county commissioner on the ticket of his party. While serving in this capacity he was instrumental in selecting the site for the present county seat of Jackson and altogether was a man of unusual influence and standing at the time of his death, which occurred in March, 1847. He was twice married, his second wife being Mary Boas, a native of Maryland, and a consistent member of the Baptist church, who survived her husband some thirty-six years, passing away in December, 1883. There were six children by the first marriage and four by the last, the youngest member of this family of ten being the subject of this biography. William H. Carr was born at the father’s old homestead in Jackson county, Indiana, June 30, 1831, and was indebted for his education to the primitive schools then in vogue in that sparsely settled section of the state. His earlier years made him acquainted with the hard work and privations incident to pioneer farm life and he learned to drive oxen, dig up stumps and help in log rollings, beside doing the endless tasks of every farmer’s boy of the period. He is able now to talk entertainingly of the log cabin with its chimney of sticks, the old school house with its puncheon floor and windows of greased paper, and all the other features of early days in Indiana. After assisting his father to dig a farm out of the wilderness until he had reached his majority, Mr. Carr began life for himself by doing farm work for wages and teaching school during the winter months. When twenty-four years old he took up the study of surveying, an occupation which has consumed a considerable part of his time ever since, either in work for the county or private employment. His brother Thomas having been elected county surveyor, Mr. Carr became his deputy, served in that capacity for three years and still owns the instrument which he used in this business as far back as 1857. Nearly every year since the date mentioned he has been called on to do some special work in his line and has long been regarded as one of the most painstaking and accurate of the county surveyors. In 1857 Mr. Carr bought land in Carr township and this he farmed until 1863, when he disposed of his holdings and purchased the place which constitutes his present homestead. He has greatly improved it by industry and good judgment and from time to time has added to its area until the farm in its entirety includes two hundred seven acres of land. He carries on general farming, by the best modern meth-

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ods, rotates his crops and feeds the products of the land to stock as the best way to keep its fertility. Mr. Carr is independent in politics, voting for principles rather than man, and is in no sense an office seeker. June 20, 1858, Mr. Carr married Sarah Ann, daughter of Alvin and Lois (Hill) Critchfield, who came to Jackson county from Ohio in 1854. Mrs. Carr, who was a devoted wife and mother and a pious member of the Methodist church, died October 21, 1892, after becoming the mother of five children. Thomas E., the eldest of these, is a successful machinist at Bowling Green, Kentucky; Adelia, the oldest daughter, married David Fitzgibbon, a railroad section foreman and farmer, resident at Sparksville, Indiana; Barbara Ann still remains at home, and John F., the fourth child in order of birth, is in the tin manufacturing business at Anderson, Indiana. Samuel Carr, the fifth and youngest of the children, was born on the family homestead in Jackson county, Indiana, July 6, 1869, attended the county schools in early life and after arriving at a suitable age learned surveying under his father. In 1898 he was elected county surveyor and served out his term to the entire satisfaction of his constituents and the general public. In the fall of 1901 he was appointed county commissioner, was elected in 1902 and is now serving his second term with the acceptability which comes of close attention to business and conscientious discharge of duty. January 1, 1896, Mr. Carr was united in marriage with Miss Lilly, daughter of Albert and Catherine (Lockman)) [sic] Prather, who came from Clark county to Jackson, where they have followed farming. Mr. and Mrs. Carr have one child, a daughter named Helen. Mrs. Carr is a member of the Brethren Church, and Mr. Carr belongs to the fraternal orders of Free and Accepted Masons and the Knights of Pythias. No young man in the county enjoys greater popularity both in the social and business world.

GEORGE G. GRAESSLE, M. D.
With thoroughly equipped and highly cultured professional men few communities are better supplied than the city of Seymour. The subject of this sketch, Dr. George G. Graessle, is one of the leading physicians, and although one of the younger men of his profession, he has been in practice in Seymour as long as any, with possibly one or two exceptions. When he completed his medical course he came direct to this county and began his professional career. Since that time he has succeeded in establishing a lucrative practice in the leading families of Seymour and surrounding country. Dr. Graessle is the son of Rev. Andrew Graessle, who is a German Methodist minister. His father resided in Brown county, Ohio, when the son was born, and, although of German descent, he is a native of the Buckeye state. About 1875 Rev. Mr. Graessle removed to Louisville, Kentucky, where the son began his studies leading to his profession. Six years later, in 1881, his father removed to Nashville, Tennessee,

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where Dr. Graessle was graduated from Vanderbilt University, medical department, in 1888. Before going to Nashville he spent the winter of 1884-5 in the Louisville Medical College. In addition to his diploma from Vanderbilt University, he holds special diplomas for extra work performed in various departments. When he completed his work at Vanderbilt, he came to Seymour, where all his professional life has been spent. He is recognized and esteemed very highly among his professional associates. Dr. Graessle was married April 8, 1889, to Miss Emma Peter, a descendant of one of the leading families of Jackson county. His success in professional life has been such that he is able to invest in other lines of business, and thus bring himself into closer relations with the commercial interests of the city and community.

WILLIAM H. ENDEBROCK
He to whose life history attention is now directed is a representative of one of the sterling and early settled families of Jackson county, of which he is a native son, while he stands as one of the able and successful members of the bar of this section of the state, being actively engaged in the practice of his profession in Brownstown, the thriving judicial center of the county. Mr. Endebrock was born on the homestead farm, in Grassy Fork township, this county, on the 14th of May, 1864, and the eldest of the three living children of unknown and Susan (DeWyke) Endebrock, the former of whom was born in Germany and the latter in Jackson county. John H. Endebrock, the grandfather of our subject was likewise born in Germany, a scion of the olds stock, and there remained until the time when he immigrated with his family to America, locating in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, where he remained a short time and then came to Jackson county, first settling on a farm southwest of Seymour, where he remained until 1861, when he removed to Grassy Fork township, where he continued to reside until his death. His son was one of those who went forth in the defense of the Union when its integrity was placed in jeopardy through armed rebellion, and sacrificed his life in the cause, having died in 1861, while home on a sock furlough. The father of the subject came into possession of the old farm after the death of his father and there continued to be successfully engaged in agricultural pursuits until his death, which occurred in July, unknown, at which time he had attained the age of three score years and ten. His wife, Susan DeWyke, was born in Washington township. Mr. Endebrock was a stanch Republican in his political proclivities, and both he and his wife were members of the Presbyterian church. William H. Endebrock, to whom this sketch is dedicated, received his rudimentary education in the district schools and continued his studies in the graded school at Tampico, and in 1884 he was matriculated in the Indiana State University, at Bloomington, where he was a student for unknown

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years, pursuing the regular course. After leaving the university he was successfully engaged in teaching in the public schools of his native county for a period of eight years, making an excellent record in the pedagogic profession. During the intervening summer vacations he devoted his attention to reading law, having as his preceptors Marshall & Munden, of Seymour, and upon examination he was admitted to the bar of the state in 1889. In the following year he engaged in the practice of his profession in Brownstown, where he has built up a most gratifying business, retaining a representative clientage and having been successfully identified with much important litigation. He has gained unmistakable prestige both as a trial lawyer and as a counselor, and his success has been cumulative in order by reason of his devotion to his work and his broad and exact knowledge of the science of jurisprudence, of which he continues a close and appreciative student. In politics he gives his allegiance to the Republican party and takes a loyal interest in the prevalence of its cause, though he has not been an aspirant for public office. Fraternally he is identified with Tampico Lodge No. 453, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. On the 20th of June, 1896, Mr. Endebrock was united in marriage to Miss Hannah Sunderman, who was born and reared in Page county, Iowa, being a daughter of Henry and Sophia Sunderman, both of whom were born in Jackson county, Indiana, being members of representative pioneer families of this section. They eventually removed to Iowa, where they still maintain their home, Mr. Sunderman being a prosperous farmer of the county mentioned. Mr. and Mrs. Endebrock have two daughters, Clara and Louisa.

NEWTON DODDS
Newton Dodds belongs to an old Owen township family, familiar to citizens of Jackson county for many years by reason of early settlement and long residence in this section. His grandfather, Andrew Dodds, came from Kentucky to Indiana about 1812 and shortly thereafter located on government land in Jackson county, situated in what is now Owen township. It is questionable if a half dozen men outranked him as an early arrival, but certain it is that he was one of the very first settlers in this part of the state. He started one of the very first tanneries in the township and for many years thereafter was well known by reason of his success as a maker of leather. He was a shrewd business man, fortunate in his speculations and thrifty in all his undertakings, with the result that he became possessed of much land and other property before the final summons removed him from earthly scenes. His seven children were Brilla, Cynthia, Eurias, Jane Samuel, Elizabeth and Jonathan. The latter, after obtaining a fair education, taught school for some years, but eventually engaged in farming. He also established a saw-mill, which he conducted twenty-five years to the great convenience of his neighbors as well as profit to himself. In fact, like is father before him, he seemed to be a natural-born money maker and one of those men who achieved success in whatever he undertook. He bought and sold much stock of all kinds, including cattle, horses, hogs and mules, and between his mill and his stock dealing and the products of his farm, he became a wealthy man for that day and section. Starting with one hundred and

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sixty acres of land, given him by his father, he constantly increased his acreage by purchase until hi holdings finally amounted to seven hundred acres or more. Aside form his business, he managed to find some time to take part in politics as a Democrat and served three years as county commissioner. He was also a member of the Masonic fraternity and altogether a prominent figure in the social business and political life of his community. He married Frances Wrey, a neighborhood girl, who was born within a half mile of his own birth place, and they spent their entire lives within the precincts of Owen township. His own busy life was brought to a close December 18, 1891, but hi widow survives to still offer hospitality to her many friends on the old home place. They became the parents of seven children Samuel, who died in infancy in 1857; Newton, the subject of this sketch; Uretta, who first married N. Woolery, and then Joseph Flynn; George A., farmer and merchant in Lawrence county; Bell, wife of Norman Starr, of Jackson county; Henry, a farmer on the old homestead in Owen township; Phoebe, wife of S. Lee, a farmer of Lawrence county. Newton Dodds, second in age of the above family group, was born on his father’s farm in Jackson county, Indiana, January 18, 1858. Besides attending the common schools, he had the benefit of a short course at Bloomington College and began business on his own behalf as soon as he had reached the aged of twenty-one. The first few years were spent in teaming for his father, after which he rented a farm and devoted himself entirely to agricultural pursuits. When his father died he took charge of his grandfather’s old homestead, consisting of one hundred and sixty acres of good land, and here he has since been engaged in general farming and stock raising, also buying and selling mules. He has shown the same natural aptitude for business that characterized his progenitors and is regarded as one of the successful men of his township. He takes an active part in politics on the Democratic side, was elected county commissioner in 1902, and seems to be booked for further honors at the hands of his party. His fraternal connections are with the Masons and the Knights of Pythias, and his social position makes him popular among a wide circle of acquaintances all over the county. September 7, 1876, Mr. Dodds was married to Anna, daughter of William C. and Dorcas (Allmack) Mitchell, of Bartholomew county. Mrs. Dodd’s father was an Ohioan and a veteran of the Civil war who settled in Owen township in 1872, where he still resides, his wife having died some years ago. He is a member of the Baptist church, a Democrat and has achieved success as a farmer. Mr. and Mrs. Dodds have four children, Norman, Blanche, Ralph and Ruby, the older ones being in school. Mrs. Dodds is well educated and taught school for five years previous to her marriage. She and her husband are members of the Christian church.

JOHN SUMMERS
John Summers, of the Medora neighborhood, has inherited a pioneer name from ancestors who settled in Jackson county at a

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very early period of its history. When John Summers, his grandfather, came with his parents from Pennsylvania to this section there was little that was inviting in an agricultural way, most of the land being in a wild and uncultivated state. Nevertheless he entered a tract of government land in Driftwood township, spent many years in its clearing and improvement and finally closed his career on the homestead that the had rescued form the wilderness. The estate was inherited by his son, Thompson Summers, who farmed the old place until his death in 1864. He married Adeline Allsup, a native of Carr township, and by this union there were two children: John and Thompson, the latter residing in Vallonia with his mother. John Summers, elder of the two above mentioned, was born in Jackson county, Indiana, February 22, 1862, and received the common-school education usually given to the farmers’ boys. As he grew up he put most of his time in farm work for wages and when only seventeen years old rented a place of his own in Carr township. By hard work he managed to make a good living, while laying by something every year for that inevitable “rainy day” which comes into the life of all men at some period. At last he was able to buy land and in 1893 he located on forty acres of his own, which he has since cultivated to good advantage, while increasing his acreage by other purchases from time to time. At present his holdings, in conjunction with those of his wife, consist of two hundred and ninety three acres of as good land as lies in that neighborhood, all of which is made to produce satisfactorily under Mr. Summers’ careful management. He has not specialties or fads of any kind, contenting himself with general farming, and feeding the surplus products of the land to a good quality of stock. Though usually voting the Democratic ticket, Mr. Summers has never sought office and does not take an active part in politics. His fraternal connections are confined to membership in Lodge No. 239, Knights of Pythias. July 31, 1887, Mr. Summers was united in marriage with Miss Carrie, daughter of George W. and Rebecca (Reid) Beezley, and a native of Carr township, Jackson county. Her parents were natives of Lawrence county, and after her mother’s death her father remarried. He died in 1899 and hi widow resides with Mr. Summers, but only two of his eight children are now living. Mr. and Mrs. Summers have an only daughter, Alice, whose birth occurred May 11, 1888, and who is still attending school. Mr. Summers is truly a self-made man, who began life with no capital but his head and hands and a willingness to work, yet we find him now, when scarce past middle life, in possession of a good farm, a comfortable home and everything conducive to a happy and contented life.

Jackson County History--Biographies Part 4 (pages 602-621)

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DANIEL C. BOWER
Among the contributions made by North Carolina to the early settlement of Indiana was Adam Bower, a German by birth, who made the journey as early as 1811 and took up his domicile in the county of Clark. He was a minister of the Dunkard church and perhaps the first, certainly on of the earliest, to preach for that sect in the southern part of this state. Among his children was a son name Joseph, who was reared in Clark county, where he achieved success as a farmer as well as merchant being the owner of a store and a man of standing in the business world. That he was prominent as well as popular is proved by the fact that he held the office of county recorder for twenty consecutive years. At his death his son, Daniel W., left the old home for Washington county, but after spending a few years there came, in 1840, to Jackson county, which thereafter was his permanent place of residence. He arrived when the famous campaign of “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too” was at its height and became identified with the hard band of first settlers who were grappling with the pioneer problems characteristic of al Indiana at the primitive period. The new arrival entered eighty acres of land in Owen township, which he has occupied in working for ** years, and then removed to a place of one hundred and twenty acres which he bought in section 17, near Kurtz, to which he subsequently added until his holdings now amount to three hundred acres. Mr. Bower has always affiliated with the Democratic party, and during his long and blameless life has been intrusted [sic] with various official responsibilities, such as justice of the peace, township trustee and census enumerator in 1850 and 1860. He is a fine example of the heroic band who made the state of which there are now but few survivors to recall “the dim remembered story of the old time entombed.” In his young manhood he was married to Clarissa Wright, under circumstances that lend a tinge of romance worth recalling after the lapse of so many years. Clarissa was the daughter of Elijah and granddaughter of William Wright, the latter a native of Roan county, North Carolina, from which section he came to Indiana about 1810, and located in Washington county. About ten years later he came with his family to Jackson county and located on a farm in Driftwood township, where he spent the remainder of his days. It was not until the son of Joseph Bower came courting the daughter of Elijah Wright that the two fathers found out that they had been old acquaintances in North Carolina, before and

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had lost track of each other until their children’s love affair caused them to renew former friendship. The girl who took part in the episode lived as the affectionate wife of her pioneer lover until December 6, 1885, when she was called from the scenes of earth. Daniel C. Bower, seventh of the ten children of the above described pioneer couple, was born in Owen township, Jackson county, Indiana, May 11, 1851, and grew up after the manner of all farm boys of that day. In 1871 he was appointed deputy sheriff and served three years, during which time he devoted his winters to teaching, having charge of a school for six terms. In 1886 he took charge of his fathers original home place, which now includes two hundred and forty acres, and since then has devoted himself strictly to agricultural pursuits. He carries on miscellaneous farming, rotation of crops, buying and selling stock and has met with success in his undertakings, being regarded as a good farmer, desirable neighbor and a worthy citizen. He treasures as an heirloom a walking stick that was cut from a log in the cabin first built by his father in 1840 on the place where he now lives. Mr. Bower is a Democrat, a Baptist, member of the Grange and Masonic fraternity and at present holds the position of land appraiser of the school board. April 2, 1874, Mr. Bower married Louisa J. Hanner, of Salt Creek township, who died October 27, 1881, leaving one son, John L., a farmer of Carr township. October 11, 1883, Mr. Bower was united in marriage with Maggie E., daughter of Jacob L. and Martha P. Cooper, former residents of Washington county, but at that time of Clear Spring, Jackson county. Mrs. Bower died June 7, 1893, leaving an only daughter named Martha C., who is at home with her father.

GEORGE W. GIBSON, M. D.
No name is more familiar in Salt Creek township than that above given and this will be readily understood from the statement that Dr. Gibson came here in time to be considered an early settler and has practiced medicine in the township for thirty-six years. It is safe to say, therefore, that he knows every one of the older generations and there are few of the younger who would not recognize him on sight. As one of the successful practitioners of his adopted county and a popular as well as leading and influential citizen, a brief outline of his career will prove interesting not only to his friends but the general public. His parents were Allen and Deborah (Barnes) Gibson, who were domiciled in the state of Ohio at an early period of the last century and descended from Pennsylvania pioneers. George W. Gibson, one of their children, was born in Belmont county, Ohio, July 13, 1838, but came to Indiana fourteen years later and was in school at Indianapolis until 1854. After finishing his education at the state capital, he was engaged for two terms in teaching school in Morgan county. In 1858 he began the study of medicine under the tutelage of

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Dr. John Carson and after remaining in the office two years, became a student at a medical college in Louisville. All his plans, however, were interrupted by the outbreak of the Civil war, as he was one of those who could not resist his country’s call to arms. In 1861 he enrolled his name as a member of the Twenty-second Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, in which he served with creditable bravery and fidelity until the last gun at Appomattox proclaimed the end of that ever memorable struggle. His personal history during this trying period was practically that of his regiment, as he was with it on all its hand marches and in all its important battles. The muster-out occurred July 24, 1865, and soon after Dr. Gibson suffered such an impairment of health that he concluded to go back to his old Ohio home for recuperation. Rest and careful nursing combined with the delights of home surroundings and parental love, soon brought a return of strength and in 1866, we find Dr. Gibson back in Brown county, Indiana. A year later he located at Houston and this proved to be a permanency, as he has ever since continued his professional practice at that place, losing but a few days from his work during the last thirty-six years. He has, moreover, been a very busy man during all those years, having all the practice he could handle most of the time, and occasionally more. It has grown into something of a proverb in the township that Dr. Gibson attends strictly to his own business, which does not mean, however, that he cannot find time to perform all the duties imposed by good citizenship. His political affiliations have always been with the Democracy, but he has never asked for or desired office, though he was chosen and held to office of county commissioner for six years. His only secret society connection is with the Masons, of which fraternity he has long been an active member, and with the Knights of Pythias. Dr. Gibson has never married.

WILLIAM RUPP
The great empire of Germany has given to America a most valuable element of citizenship and a representative of the sturdy race in Jackson county is the subject of our sketch, who has her maintained his home for more than two score of years and is one of the prosperous and highly honored farms and stock growers of Salt Creek township. Mr. Rupp was born in Germany on the 14th of January, 1836, and is a son of William and Margaret (Wingarder) Rupp, who emigrated from the Fatherland to America in 1846, settling in Ripley county, Indiana, where the father turned his attention to farming, becoming successful in his chose field of endeavor and having the high regard of the people of the community. He died on his homestead in 1884 at a venerable age, his wife passing away in 1898. He owned a well improved farm of one hundred and twenty acres, the same having been in its wild state and heavily timbered at the time when it came into his possession. He was a stanch Democrat in his political proclivities and both he and his wife were devoted members of the Lutheran church.

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They became the parents of seven children, namely: Alvina and Frederick, who are deceased, Lizzie; William, who is the subject of this sketch; Catherine, who is deceased; and John, Jacob and Philip. William Rupp received his rudimentary education in the excellent schools of his Fatherland and was a lad of about ten years at the time of the family’s removal to the United States. He was reared to manhood on the old homestead farm in Ripley county, this state, contributing his quota to its development and cultivation and continuing to first assist his father until he had reached the age of twenty-one years, while in the meanwhile he attended the common schools of the county at such intervals as possible, thus having the foundation for that broad fund of practical knowledge which has conserved his success and prosperity in later years. Mr. Rupp continued to reside in Ripley county until 1869, when he came to Jackson county and purchased one hundred acres of wild and fully timbered land in sections 32 and 33, of Salt Creek township, the same constituting its present valuable and attractive homestead. Upon coming here he erected a log house upon his farm and forthwith set himself vigorously to the task of reclaiming the land to cultivation, while with the passing of the years prosperity has crowned his efforts and he now has a well improved and prolific farm, about sixty acres being under a high state of cultivation, while he also has fine apple and peach orchards, the trees having been planted by himself, and also raises grapes and other small fruits. He also gives special attention to the raising of high-grade shorthorn cattle and the Chester White and Poland-China types of swine. In 1872 he erected his present commodious residence, while all other buildings on the place are of excellent order. He has won success by consecutive and earnest applications and good management, and is known as a careful and straightforward business man, enterprising and progressive, upright in all the relations of life and public-spirited in his attitude. In politics he is staunchly arrayed in support of the principles and policies of the Republican party, and both he and his wife are valued members of the Reformed Lutheran church. In the years 1859 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Rupp to Miss Catherine B. Kissell, who was born in Germany, being a daughter of John and Lizzie (Winacht) Kissell, who came to America and settled in Ripley county, Indiana, in 1858, the father being a farmer and shoemaker by vocations, Mr. and Mrs. Kissell had three children, of whom the wife of our subject was the eldest, the others being Lizzie and John. To Mr. and Mrs. Rupp have been born four children, namely: William, who died at the age of sixteen years; Louise J., who died at the age of three years; Lena, who is the wife of William Rupp, of Harrison, Ohio; and Louise K., who is the wife of Grant Douglass, who died march 16, 1904, and who made his home with the subject.

CHARLES D. PETTIGREW, M. D.
Though a resident of Houston for only four years, the young physician above named has done exceedingly well and gives assur-

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ance of still farther success as the years go by. He has all the elements of success by possessing a pleasing personality, energy of character and skill in his profession obtained in the best modern schools, both theoretical and practical. He is a son of Dr. D. A. and Matilda (Shafer) Pettigrew, the former a well known physician of Flat Rock, Indiana. He was educated at the Indiana Medical College in Indianapolis, where he took his degree in 1874, located at Flat Rock and has since practiced his profession there with success. He has long been regarded as one of the most popular physicians in his part of Shelby county and stands high both professionally and as a citizen. His son, Charles D. Pettigrew, was born at Louis Creek, Indiana, March 1, 1877, and after finishing a course at the common schools, attended business college at Columbus, where he was graduated in the class of 1895. Shortly thereafter he began the study of medicine at Indianapolis, and obtained his diploma in 1898. This was the year that witnessed the war between the United States and Spain, and deciding that it afforded unusual opportunities in the line of his profession, Dr. Pettigrew determined to enter the medical branch. He therefore enlisted as a private in the hospital service, but within two months was promoted to the position of hospital steward. In this place he develop such aptitude and gave such satisfaction to his superiors, that within twenty days he receive preferment to the rank of assistant surgeon, this being an altogether phenomenal record for one so young. In the last mentioned capacity Dr. Pettigrew served on year in the West Indies and after returning home was connected awhile with the city hospital at Columbus, Indiana. In 1900 he located at Houston, entered actively into the practice of his profession and has since become well established. Dr. Pettigrew’s political affiliations are with the Democratic party, and he is popular both with the leaders and the rank and file as a promising young worker. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias lodge at Houston and one of the active spirits in that popular fraternity. June 12, 1901, Dr. Pettigrew was united in marriage with Miss Mary McLaughlin, a popular young lady of Columbus, Indiana, whose untimely death occurred August X, 1903, greatly to the regret of a wide circle of friends and acquaintances.

JACOB W. KINDRED
Among the native sons of Jackson county who have here attained distinctive prestige in connection with educational ways is Mr. Kindred, who is at the present time incumbent of the position of principal of the graded schools of the village of Kurtz and who is one of the popular young men of the county. Mr. Kindred was born on the home farm in Owen township, this county, on the 11th of February, 1869, and is a son of Bartholomew H. and Nancy (Woody) Kindred. The father is one of the highly honored citizens of the community and a representative one of the pioneer families of the county, residing at the present time

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in Salt Creek township. The mother died in about 1881. Bartholomew Kindred is a son of Daniel Kindred, who came from Kentucky to Jackson county in a very early day, becoming a prominent farmer and leading citizen of this section of the state. The subject was the seventh in order of birth in a family of thirteen children and after completing the curriculum of the local schools he continued his studies in leading educational institutions including one term at Danville and three terms at Marion, this state. About the year 1888 he put his scholastic attainments to practical test and use by engaging in teaching in the district schools, and his success in the pedagogic profession was pronounced from the start, while it has shown a constantly cumulative tendency and has led to his advancement. He was for six years employed as a teacher in the public schools at Clear Spring, this county, and in 1903-4 he was called to the position of principal of the schools at Kurtz, in which capacity he is doing admirable work, having done much to systematize and amplify the curriculum and to secure the best progress on the part of pupils in all departments, while his services have met with much appreciation on the part of the people of the district. Mr. Kindred is a stanch advocate of the principles of the Democratic party and takes an active interest in the questions and issues of the hour, but he has never been an aspirant for official preferment of any order, preferring to devote his entire attention to the profession for which he has so admirably fitted himself. He is a member of the Christian church, in whose faith he was reared, and fraternally he is affiliated with Clear Spring Lodge No. 323, Free and Accepted Masons, at Kurtz, and with the Knights of Pythias. He is a gentleman of unfailing courtesy and gracious personality and the circle of his friends is coincident with that of his acquaintances.

WILLIAM M. MATLOCK
He whose name initiates this sketch is one of the highly successful and representative farmers of Jackson county, being the owner of a fine landed estate in Owen township. He is a loyal and public-spirited citizen, is held in unqualified esteem in the community in which he lives and has the distinction of being a veteran of the war of the Rebellion, in which he served as a member of an Indiana regiment. Mr. Matlock was born in Hancock county, Tennessee, on the 16th of October, 1843, and is a son of Johnson and Dorothy Matlock, both of whom were born in South Carolina, whence they removed to Tennessee, where the former followed his trade of sleighmaking and also engaged in agricultural pursuits, his death there occurring in the year 1849. His widow long survived him, having come to Indiana in the ‘80s, and having here died in April, 1897, while she was a devoted and consistent member of the Baptist church. This worthy couple became the parents of twelve children, of whom six are now living, the subject of this sketch having been the seventh in order of birth. William M. Matlock received his educational training in the common schools of his

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native county, and from his youth up has been actively identified with agricultural pursuits. In 1859 he came to Indiana and located in Jackson county, where he was residing at the outbreak of the Civil war. He forthwith tendered his services in defense of the Union, enlisting on the 10th of October, 1861, as a private in Company H, Fiftieth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, John Scott having been captain of his company. He proceeded with his command to the front and re-enlisted at the close of his original term, continuing in active service until the close of the war and participating in many of the most notable engagements incidental to the progress of the great conflict. After the war he returned to Tennessee, where he became the owner of a farm of four hundred acres, in Hancock county, and there he continued to be actively engaged in farming until 1887, when he disposed of his holding and again came to Indiana, locating in Jackson county. He purchased a farm of three hundred acres, in Owen township, and to the same has since added until he now has a valuable landed estate of five hundred and fifty-six acres, the major portion being under a high state of cultivation, while he also gives not a little attention to the raising of live stock of high grade. He is an alert business man and a progressive and discriminating farmer, while it is scarcely necessary to say that he has attained a high degree of success in connection with the great basic industry of agriculture. He has erected a commodious and attractive modern residence on his place, and the other farm buildings are in harmony with the same, the entire farm giving unmistakable evidence of thrift and prosperity. In politics, Mr. Matlock is a stanch advocate of the principles of the Republic party, and both he and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church. On the 5th of July, 1866, Mr. Matlock was united in marriage to Mrs. (Carter) Lewis, widow of Martin Lewis, to whom she bore two children, Rachel, who is now the wife of James Drinum, and Mark I., who is a resident of Oklahoma. Mrs. Matlock was born in Tennessee and is a daughter of Thomas and Mary Carter, the former of whom was born in Virginia, and the latter in Tennessee, both being members of sterling old southern families. Concerning the children of Mr. and Mrs. Matlock, we enter the following record, in conclusion of this brief sketch: Nancy, who became the wife of William Ford, is deceased; Mary is the wife of Ba** Brown, of Kurtz; Nellie Ann, who became the wife of William Riley, is deceased; Josephine is the wife of Howard Armbruster, of Kurtz; James is a resident of the state of Utah; Matilda is the wife of John Scott, of Owen township; Neal, M. D., is a resident of Medora; and Houston is studying medicine in Louisville, Kentucky, all of the children having been afforded good educational advantages.

HIRAM E. McDONALD
The name above mentioned has been familiar in Jackson county for nearly a century, by reason of the early settlement here

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of the family’s original founder. Long before Indiana was admitted to the Union, Alexander McDonald, then a young man, appeared among the pioneers of this section, a contribution to the west from the then powerful state of Virginia. As he arrived in the first decade of the nineteenth century, it is hardly necessary to say that he endured in full all the hardships and privations inseparable from the conditions prevailing in that primitive period. Among his children was a son named William, whose birth occurred in Jackson county, in 1808, and who, some twenty odd years later, was married to a young woman named Elizabeth, with whom he settles in a cabin and engaged in the pursuit of agriculture. From this union sprang the late John McDonald, so well known in after years by reason of his connection with the educational and industrial development of Jackson county. His birth occurred October 17, 1833, and his first appearance in a business way was as a farmer in Vernon township and to this occupation he adhered with more or less attention during the whole course of his career. In early life he had learned surveying and, in company with Alexander Carr, made a survey of Jackson county, but he does not seem to have engaged extensively in this line of work. Having received a good common school training, he taught a number of years, and always evince a great interest in the cause of education. Having been elected trustee of the township, he determined to reform a number of abuses in the educational system, due to incompetent teachers and a laxness in administration. With this end in view during his various terms as trustee he would employ none to teach who could not show diplomas and first-class certificates with their licenses. By rigid discipline and determination that the public money should not be paid out except for full value received, he gradually improved the schools over which he had control until they became a credit to the county. In other ways also he proved himself to be a public-spirited man of progressive views, wide awake to the general interest and full abreast, both by reason of observation and reading, with all questions that affected the popular welfare. For several years he served as justice of peace, and in administering the business of this office showed the same mental acumen and broadmindedness that characterized his performance of every trust. In 1882 he came to Seymour and organized the Slack Stave Company, of which he acted as president and manager of eighteen years with an ability and judgment that proved large factors in achieving success that marked the career of this important industry. Associated with him at first were Peter L. Carter and W. N. McDonald, but the firm was changed by the retirement of the latter in 1890 and the purchase of his interest by the other tow partners. Another change was occasioned by the death of Mr. Carter in 1899 and a complete dissolution by the death of Mr. McDonald in 1901. In 1857 Mr. McDonald married Miss Margaret, daughter of Hiram W. Marling, who came to Jackson county from Cayuga county, New York. Mrs. McDonald, who was born January 14, 1832, is still living at Seymour in the enjoyment of good health for one of her age and is highly respected as the worthy wife of a useful citizen. Their family consisted of four sons: Hiram E.; Olive F., who died when twenty-four years old; Job M., a mining attorney of Idaho, and

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George C, who resides with his mother. Hiram F. McDonald, the eldest of these children, was born in Jackson county, Indiana, May 2, 1860, and after a common school education entered the State University at Bloomington, but left that institution in the junior years. Shortly there after he engaged in the manufacture of tight-barrel staves, with headquarters at Seymour, but operated in thee or four states. He purchased an engine and heading saw, paying eight hundred dollars down and giving his notes for the balance, and pushed his business until the output amounted to about two hundred thousand dollars per year. By the settlement of John McDonald’s estate the plant was assigned to his son Job, of whom it was purchased by the latter’s brother Hiram, who incorporated the concern in 1902 with his son, Hal E. McDonald, and William Craig as stockholders. The one hundred and fifty shares, valued at one thousand dollars each, were divided among the three members of the company, of which Mr. McDonald is president and Mr. Craig the mill foreman. The machinery for making staves and heading was erected in 1882, but the hoop department was not added until the incorporation of the plant, twenty years later. The total investment is about forty thousand dollars, the concern employs an average of seventy hands, with a monthly payroll of two thousand dollars, and the annual output is something like one hundred twenty thousand dollars. About seventy thousand dollars are paid out ever year for material, distributed over a radius of forty or fifty miles, the business being done on a strictly wholesale basis. The company manufactures every article that is used in the making of barrels and deals extensively in all kinds of timber. For nineteen years Mr. McDonald devoted his personal attention to his original business which was discontinued when he bought his present plant, and meantime he was retained his interest in farming and stock feeding. In 1884 Mr. McDonald was married to Miss May, daughter of Aaron Dole, at present a resident of Vernon, Indiana, but originally from Pennsylvania. But this union there are the following children: Harold, a stockholder and bookkeeper in his father’s company; Mamie, a student at the State University; Milicent Mentoria, Job R, Joseph D and Margaret. The subject is affiliated with the Republican party in politics and takes an interest in campaign affairs but never allows his name to be used in connection with office, either elective or appointive. His fraternal connections are confined to membership in the Masonic fraternity. He is fond of outdoor sports and during the proper season seeks wholesome exercise by hunting and fishing. Chiefly to efforts and progressive spirit Seymour is indebted for one of her productive industries which, but its outlay and employment of labor, gives happiness and comfort to a large number of people.

ALEXANDER SCOTT
The visitor to the highly improved farm of this gentleman, in Owen township, finds it difficult to realize its former state and

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how many hard strokes necessary to bring it to its present condition. There is little in the commodious residence, fine barns and out buildings, cultivated fields and lowing herds to suggest the pioneer period, but this beautiful place represents a link in that remarkable evolution which, in the lifetime of men still living, has converted Indiana from a wilderness to a smiling garden. The genealogy of the family from whose enterprise and self-sacrifice this lovely homestead has been evolved takes us back to very remote times and to a country beyond the sea. When James Scott was born in Germany, October 23, 1781, the American Revolution was still in progress and when, as a young republic had scarcely passed the period of its swaddling clothes. It was in 1810 that he came to Jackson county to join forces with the small but heroic band of adventurers then struggling to rescue Indiana territory from its slumber of centuries under the primeval forests. The new arrival, however, took hold with the sturdy courage that distinguished his nationality, and became a factor of importance in the development that marked the succeeding decades in that state. The wild government land with which they had started was slowly but surely converted into tillable acres, the long cabin was replace with a better abode and when the original occupants were called to their last account, they had something of value to leave to their descendants. He married Susanna Zike, who was born in Kentucky. William Scott, one of the eldest of their children, who was born January 6, 1815, took up the work laid down by his aged father and carried it on with a resolution worthy the son of an early pioneer. He grew up in Owen township, which was the place of his nativity, entered government land on his own account and became a conspicuous figure in his community during the memorable days of hard cider, log cabins and coonskin caps. He know what it was to drive oxen, to pull at stubborn stumps, to cut grain with the old fashioned scythe and to “shuck corn” by the light of the moon. But there was another side to the picture, some sunshine to mingle with the shadows, and the pioneer boys had sure escape from sorrow around the festive board of evenings or the sugar camps by the side of their chosen lassies. Among the attractive girls in linsey woolsey and sunbonnet, who figured in these rustic entertainments, was Mary Woods, and thus fair damsel found favor in the eyes of William Scott. In after years he was fond of telling how he used to go visiting “at the neighbors” dressed in home-made clothes, and “spark” his sweet heart as she twirled the spinning wheel before the roaring log fire. In due time Mary became Mrs. William Scott and proved a faithful helpmeet to her husband until death ended his earthly career in September, 1865. She was destined long to survive the lover of her youth and the father of her children, as it was not until August 18, 1897, that she closed her eyes on the world and all of its sorrows. The eight children of these old pioneers were Parthenie, wife of B. G. Hamilton, a farmer of Owen township; Benjamin F., of Brownstown; Daniel, deceased; Alexander and Martha (twins), Nancy C., James M. and John William. Alexander Scott, who appears fourth in the above list, was born on his father’s farm in Jackson county, Indiana, February 26, 1843. No incident of importance is recorded in his life until the fall of 1862, when he

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enlisted in Company F, Sixty-seventh Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, for services in the arm of the Union. He participated in many important engagements during the arduous campaigns in the west and south, among them being Mumfordsville, Kentucky, where he was captured, but was shortly afterward paroled. He was also in the thick of the fight at Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas Post, Port Gibson, siege of Vicksburg, Grand Cotcau, Mansfield, siege of Forts Games and Morgan, siege and capture of Blake City. Returning home immediately after the war, Mr. Scott purchased a farm in Owen township and also rented a part of his father’s place, which kept hi busy many ears to get in shape for modern methods of agriculture. It was an arduous undertaking, involving an immense amount of hard work, but he proved equal to this occasion and the original rough, unimproved place has been made literally to “blossom as the rose.” At present Mr. Scott has charge of two hundred and fifty-three acres of excellent land, in a good state of cultivation, well stocked in every way and inferior to no farm of its size in the county. In 1888 he built a comfortable residence for the occupancy of himself and family and only a glimpse at the barn, is necessary to show that a first class farmer has charge of this place. Mr. Scott has not fads, but is progressive and understands the value arising from feeding the products of his farm to stock, instead of selling it off, to the gradual impoverishment of the land. October 10, 1867, Mr. Scott was united in marriage with Miss Eliza Adeline, daughter of J. M and Elizabeth Henderson, who were old and successful settlers in this section. Mr. and Mrs. Scott have had five children: William Ezra, resident of Clear Spring and township trustee; James M. remains at home; Daniel F., deceased; Norma E., wife of Horace Payne, in business at Clear Spring; Carrie Bell, deceased, wife of Thomas Cummins. The children were given good educations and those living are doing well in their various vocations. The parents are members of the Christian church and the whole family, young and old, are among the most popular people of their respective communities.

HARRY M. MILLER
Some men are naturally adapted to a certain line of business, while others go into some particular kind of enterprise. The subject above named has naturally grown into the line which now engages his attention, as the business has come into demand with the growth of this country. Mr. Miller was born in Orange county on February 18, 1861, the very day Jefferson Davis was inaugurated president of the Southern confederacy. He is one of the genial and courteous men who tell others how to protect their property as well as their lives by investing with the leading high class insurance companies. He is the son of Lorenzo D. and Ruth (Hobbs) Miller, and he was born in Orange county, where he was reared on a farm. His mother is a niece of the late Barnabus C. Hobbs, so well known

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in the Hoosier state. Mr. Miller’s educational advantages were in the common schools of his native county. He remained on the farm until 1886, when he removed to Paoli and began the insurance business. In 1893 he removed to Seymour and purchased an insurance agency. This business he has conducted for more than ten years. It includes both fire, life and other kinds of insurance. Mr. Miller was married to Nora L. Graham on February 14, 1899. He is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and of the Knights of Pythias. He is also the secretary of the school board of the city of Seymour, in which position he is serving his first year.

CALVIN C. HILL
Calvin C. Hill, one of the successful farmers of Carr township, is descended from pioneer parents whose connection with Indiana began shortly after the famous “Log Cabin and Coonskin” campaign, which ended in the election of General Harrison to the presidency. Jesse B. and Catherine (Herring) Hill, both natives of Knox county, Ohio, made their trip from the Buckeye to the Hoosier state in an ox-wagon over the corduroy roads and country trails which led them to Jackson county. Arriving here about 1842, the father bought one hundred and sixty acres of land in Carr township and started housekeeping in a log cabin, with only the meager furniture and rude comforts that were procurable in that primitive period. His place was almost entirely wild when he first took possession, but by hard work he greatly improved both its appearance and quality, until eventually it became one of the most desirable tracts in the neighborhood. In 1876 he removed to Leesville, where he conducted a grist and sawmill business until the time of his death, which occurred in November, 1881, his wife having preceded him to the grave in march of the same year. Their children, seven in number, were Jacob M., a dentist at Leesville, Cynthia A., Ellen, Margaret, Calvin C., Douglass, a druggist and postmaster at Sparksville, and Lydia. Calvin C. Hill, who ranks as the fifth in the above list, was born on the paternal homestead in Jackson county, Indiana, August 12, 1856. After he grew up he assisted his father in the mill until the latter’s death, after which he returned to Jackson county, and in 1885 he took charge of the old farm in Carr township, having purchased the interests of the other heirs. This place at present consists of one hundred and twenty-seven acres, most of which is under cultivation, and many handsome improvements have been added by Mr. Hill in recent years. In 1895 he erected a commodious residence with all modern appliances for comfort, while a barn and other outhouses afford necessary protection and conveniences for stock. Mr. Hill has no fads or specialties, but contents himself with general farming operations, not neglecting stock raising on a modest scale, and altogether enjoys the reputation of being a painstaking and prudent husbandman. October 15, 1884, Mr. Hill was united

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in marriage with Miss Mary E. Thompson, one of Lawrence county’s popular daughters and a descendant of distinguished ancestry. Her great-grandfather, James Thompson, was a native of Ireland and came to this country in colonial days, locating at Philadelphia, and afterward took part in the Revolutionary war. After the conclusion of peace he resided for a while in Virginia, but subsequently settled in Pittsburg, where he died at a ripe old age. He left a son, also name James, who was of the nobility of Ireland, and the family were of the highest standing in their day and age. Robert D. Thompson, son of the last mentioned and father of Mrs. Hill, was born at Wheeling, West Virginia, and educated for the Presbyterian ministry. Instead, however, of taking holy orders he studied law and obtained admission to the Indian bar, which action so offended his father that the latter disinherited his son and cut him off with one dollar. This unfortunate occurrence so discouraged Mr. Thompson that he entirely abandoned his plans of practicing law and instead entered the educational field and taught school for forty-one years. At the present time he is living in retirement at Leesville and enjoys general respect among all his acquaintances. By his marriage with mar A. Lee, he had four children: Mrs. Hill an Jane (who were twins), the latter of whom married E. M. Fitzgibbons, a telegraph operator at Tunnelton, Indiana; Alexander, deceased, and Josephine. He has also an adopted son, Thomas W. Thompson, who is a graduate of Rush Medical College of Chicago, and is now a prosperous and successful physician and surgeon of Oscaloosa, Clay county, Illinois. Like their father, all but the youngest of the children taught school, and Mrs. Hill, who also devoted many years to the business, obtained high reputation both as an educator and disciplinarian. Mr. and Mrs. Hill have four children, whose ages range from six to eighteen years, and all of whom are still pursuing their studies at school. Donley was born August 25, 1885, Grover, February 28, 1891, Edward, whose birth occurred October 13, 1893, died November 18, 1896, and Willard, February 19, 1897. Donley finished at the Medora high school in the spring of 1894. Mr. Hill’s political affiliations are with the Democratic party.

JACOB F. STARR
Jacob F. Starr, of Sparksville, is now enjoying that quiet retirement so soothing in the evening of one’s days and which comes only as the reward of a well spent life. His connection with the business affairs of his adopted county has been long and honorable and the fact that he has left the arduous work to be carried on by younger hands does not detract from the respect universally felt for him as a good citizen, a wise counselor and a fine example of the pioneer period. When h is father, Philip Starr, came from North Carolina to the then new commonwealth of Indiana, there was little to indicate the marvelous development concealed in the womb of time. The state had but recently been admitted into the Union and was

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less than four years old when the progenitor of the subject made his first appearance within her borders. There were but few towns, all still small, and these were mostly scattered along the Ohio river. The whole area of the young state seemed to be one continuous forest, with settlements few and far between, the Indian tribes still here and all the original wild animals to be found in abundance. It was before the year 1820, when the recent arrival from the old state located with his growing family in Lawrence county, where the prospects then were inviting only to a hardy and fearless pioneer. Philip Starr, however, had a brave heart and soon we find him in possession of some wild land, which he was working manfully to make fit for cultivation. In due time he brought order out of chaos, had a log cabin home and a few rustic outbuildings, all the result of that arduous labor by which alone a farm could be cut out of the primeval wilderness of early Indiana. In 1840 he disposed of his holdings in Lawrence and removed to Washington county where, with the exception of a few years spent with a daughter in Iowa, he lived until his death. He was a Democrat in politics, a Presbyterian in religion and altogether a fine specimen of that heroic race known I history as the “early pioneers.” He had eight children, of whom the subject of this sketch was the youngest, as he is now the only survivor. Jacob F. Starr was born in Lawrence county, Indiana, October 18, 1826, and owing to lack of school facilities obtained by a scant education in his youthful days. When twenty-one years old he began life on his own account, his first business venture being a job which paid him at the rate of twelve dollars a month. The same thrift and industry that had distinguished him through life were not lacking during the formative period and from his income, whether large or small, he always managed to save something as a nest-egg for the future. As early as 1860 he was able to buy a farm in Carr township, and the home then established has ever since remained his place of residence. He prospered from the beginnings, managed to weather all financial storms, from time to time added to his estate until at present his holdings amount to six hundred acres of as good land as Jackson county can boast. Since retiring from active business he has been renting his land, which is devoted by the tenants to general farming and stock raising, the cereal crops of this section affording the principal revenue. February 17, 1854, Mr. Starr was married to Elizabeth, daughter of John Bennett, and a native of Clark county, Indiana, by whom he has four children: James, John, Norman and Lemuel. Mr. Starr’s political doctrines are in unison with those of the Democracy and he and his wife are communicants of the Methodist Episcopal church.

WILLIAM E. SCOTT
William E. Scott, son of Alexander Scott, was born on the old homestead one mile west from Clear Springs, Owen township, Jackson county, Indiana, on December 3, 1869. He was educated in the common

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schools, graduating from Clear Springs high school in 1886. He taught school for nine consecutive years in Owen township, and then engaged in merchandising in Clear Springs in 1897 with D. H. George, with whom he was associated for about a year. He then bought out the drug store which was kept in connection with the general store of himself and Mr. George, which he now runs. In 1899 he engaged in general merchandising with M. E. Richards, and so continues. He was elected trustee of Owen township in 1900. Fraternally he is a member of Clear Springs Lodge No. 323, Free and Accepted Masons, and Brownstown Lodge, Knights of Pythias. On November 5, 1899 Mr. Scott married Ida M. Payne, who was born in Clear Springs, the daughter of John D. and Eliza Payne. They have two sons, Maurice J and Lew W.

HERMAN REVERMAN
It is consistent that in this compilation be entered a memoir of so worthy and honored a citizen as was Mr. Reverman, who was for forty years a resident of the county and who here attained independence through his honest and well directed efforts in connection with the great basic art of agriculture, while he stood forth as one of the representative citizens of Carr township. The great German empire has contributed a valuable element to the complex make up of our national commonwealth, and this sturdy stock was Mr. Reverman a worthy scion. He was born in Messen**, Germany, on the 16th of July, 1833, being the son of William and Adalaid Reverman, both of whom passed their entire lives in Germany. The subject was reared to manhood in the Fatherland, in whose excellent schools he received he educational discipline. In 1837, as a young man of twenty-one years, he determined to seek his fortunes in the new world, and accordingly bade adieu to home and native land and emigrated to America. Landing in New York city on the 2d of May of that year. From the main metropolis he made his way to Loms**, Kentucky, where he remained two years following such occupations as he could secure. He then, about 1860, came to Indiana, locating in Jackson county, where he secured employment on the farm of Henry Zollman with whom he remained until his marriage which occurred in 1867. He then rented land of Mr. Zollman and was engaged in farming the same for the ensuing six years at the expiration of which he purchased a farm two miles north of the village of Medora, in Carr township, where he continued to reside until his death, which occurred on the 6th of December, 1901. He was a man of indefatigable industry and energy, well endowed with mature judgment and so ordered his course during the passing years to gain the goal of definite success, having accumulated a fine property and having become one of the prosperous and influential farmers of the county at the time of his demise being the owner of a finely improved farm of three hundred and three acres, which his widow still retains in her possession, Mr. Reverman

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was a man of noble attributes of character, genial and kindly in his intercourse with his fellow men, ever ready to lend a helping hand to those “in any way afflicted in mind, body or estate,” and being liberal in his views and tolerant in his judgment. It can well be presupposed that such a man could not but command the most unequivocal confidence and respect in the community where he was best known, and it can be truthfully said that he “stood four square to every wind that blows: and that the circle of his friends was coincident with that of his acquaintances. He was reared in the faith of the Catholic church, but was signally free from bigotry and intolerance, as is evident from the fact that he customarily attended the United Brethren church, of which his widow is a devoted member, and contributed liberally to its support. In politics he espoused the cause of the Democratic party and while he took a lively interest in the supremacy of the cause he was never an aspirant for public office. He was essentially domestic in his tastes and his home was veritably his castle, the center of his hopes and affections, and the place where his true and loving sour radiated its most genial and beneficent rays. His remains were interred in the cemetery at Medora, and his last resting place is marked by a beautiful monument, erected in loving memory by his widow. On the 24th of November, 1867, was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Reverman to Miss Sarah Fowler, who was born in Lawrence county, this state, being a daughter of Samuel and Obedience (Fabian) Fowler, both of whom were born and reared in eastern Tennessee, where their marriage was solemnized and whence they came to Indiana in the early thirties, being numbered among the honored pioneers of Lawrence county, where Mr. Fowler became a successful and influential farmer, living to attain the patriarchal age of ninety-two years. His devoted wife passed away when Mrs. Reverman, the youngest of the seven children, was but two years of age. Mr. and Mrs. Reverman had no children. In September, 1903, she removed from the old home farm to the village of Medora, where she purchased an attractive modern residence and where she is surrounded by a circle of devoted and appreciated friends. She rents the farm.

FRANCIS E. CALLAHAN
Francis E. Callahan, popular principal of the high school at Medora, comes of an ancestry which at different periods were pioneer settlers of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Kentucky and Indiana. Henry Callahan, the original founder of the family, came from Ireland before the American Revolution and after taking part in the war for independence, located at Martinsville, Virginia, where he was engaged in merchandising until hi death. His son Thomas went from Virginia to Pennsylvania, from there to Ohio and in 1816 to Indiana, but after spending a short time at the Old Post (Vincennes), returned to the Buckeye state. His son Isaac, who was born in Pennsylvania and accompanied his father on his western

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wanderings, eventually removed from Ohio to Kentucky, where he was married, and in 1829 came to Lawrence county, Indiana. His father returned to Indiana shortly afterward and closed his career in this state. Isaac Callahan purchased a farm in 1830 and lived until the end of his days in Lawrence county. His son, Martin I. Callahan, was reared in Lawrence county and is still a resident there. Besides farming, he taught school for twenty-four years. Shortly after reaching his majority he was married to Sophia O. Tannehill, a native of Bedford, Indiana. They had six children, the second in age being Francis E. Callahan, subject of this sketch, whose birth occurred at Bedford, Indiana, December 26, 1867. He received excellent educational advantages, all of which were paid for by himself, including a course at the Southern Indiana Normal, and a four year course at the Indiana University, which was completed in 1903. In 1888 he began teaching school and the revenue derived from his work was chiefly expended in qualifying himself as an educator, which he had decided on as his vocation. In 1899 he came to Medora to take charge as principal of the high school, a position which he has since filled with entire satisfaction to the patrons. He has special talent in this line, and the family has shown a general inclination for educational work. Mr. Callahan’s elder brother, James Morton, is professor of history and political science at West Virginia University, and Alva, a younger brother, is also a teacher. Mr. Callahan was married on December 26, 1898, to Miss Lucie Acord, who was born near Gosport, Indiana. Her parents were from Ohio. She is a graduate of the Southern Indiana Normal, at Mitchell, and also attended Indiana University. Mr. Callahan and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church and his fraternal connections are with the Mason and Knights of Pythias.

WILLIAM C. BALL
The subject of this sketch is numbered among the alert and progressive business men of the county, is one of the leading contractors and builders of this section of the state, having his headquarters and resides in the village of Ewing, where he also conducts a planing mill, lumber yard and general building-supply business. Through this section of the state are many fine buildings which stand as evidence of his ability and fidelity as a contractor, and he has ordered his course in all the relations of all as to command at all times the unqualified esteem and confidence of those with whom he has come into contact. Mr. Ball was born in Madison, Jefferson county, Indiana, on the 27th of September, 1866, and is a son of James and Elizabeth (Baird) Ball, both of whom were likewise born representatives of sterling pioneer families, while they now reside in Ewing, the father having retired from active business. The Baird family in America traces its lineage back to sturdy Scotch-Irish origin, and it

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was founded in the new world in the colonial epoch of our history. The Ball family is of English extraction and the name has likewise been identified with the annals of American history from the colonial days, Spencer Ball, grandfather of our subject, having been born in Rhode Island. He came to Indiana in the pioneer era in the state, being a master mechanic and extensive contractor and having built many of the best bridges in this and adjoining states in the times now long passed. He became master mechanic of the car shops at Madison, this state, and the old roundhouse and workshop which he there erected are still in service. He died there, well advanced in age. The father of the subject likewise became a prominent contractor and builder and was in business for many years at Madison, while he has been a resident of Ewing since 1880, having now practically retired from active business. He is a stanch Democrat in politics. His wife has long been a devoted member of the Methodist church. They became the parents of four sons and one daughter, of whom all the sons are living. William C. Ball, the immediate subject of this review, passed his boyhood days in Madison and Dupont, this state, and received his educational training in the public schools, after which he served an apprenticeship under his father and became a thoroughly skilled carpenter and builder. In August, 1889, he came to Ewing, and here continued to be associated with his father in contracting and building until 1892, since which time he has continued operations independently. While identified with his father in business here and elsewhere in this section of the state, and since he has been alone in his operations he has built many others of equally high grade. Among the many buildings which he has thus erected may be mentioned the following: The People’s State Bank building, which includes the local opera house, this being a fine brick and iron structure; the Sewell block in Ewing; H. A. Burrell’s fine residence; the remodeling of the Methodist church; the residences of T. Benton and Frank Faulk; the commercial hotel; and the Baptist and Christian churches in Ewing, the latter two having been but recently completed, while all of those mentioned are of a high type and of modern design and facilities. The subject’s brother Gilbert is associated with him in the painting department of the business and his brother Edward is engaged with him as outside foreman. Mr. Ball’s business establishment has a frontage of one hundred and five feet on Main street, is one hundred and eighty feet in depth, with an addition fifty by sixty feet in the form of an L. The workshop, immediately in the ear of the office, is forty by sixty feet in lateral dimensions. In the establishment are carried full and select lines of lumber, builders’ hardware, paints, glass, etc., so that he is enabled to furnish all supplies demanded in the erection of buildings, while he also controls a large sale of these lines of suppliers with his own operations as a contractor. West of the headquarters mentioned is located the lumber yard, fifty by one hundred feet, in which the rough lumber is stored and near this yard is situated the fine modern residence of Mr. Ball. He is also the owner of a well equipped planing mill in the village. Mr. Ball is an enterprising young business man and his success indicates how

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well he has employed his powers and talent. In politics he is a stalwart advocate of the principles of the Democratic party, fraternally is a member of the Knights of Pythias and his religious faith is that of the Christian church, both he and his wife being members of the church of this denomination in Ewing, while he is a member of its board of trustees. On the 25th of July, 1886, Mr. Ball was united in marriage to Miss Alice Humphrey, who was born and reared in Washington county, this state, being a daughter of John and Mary Humphrey, her father being now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Ball have six children, namely: Stella V., Mary E., Clarence B., Grace A., William L., and Esther E.

MORSE B. SINGER
Morse B. Singer, a farmer of wealth and exceptionally high standing in Jackson county, is of German extraction, but naturalized in America by more than a century of ancestral residence. As far back as 1800, the closing year of the eighteenth century, his grandparents, George and Anne Singer, came with a party of emigrants from Germany in a sailing ship and eventually found a temporary location in New Jersey. From there they removed to Ohio at a period so early as to entitle them to rank as first settlers and in that state the grandfather lived until his death in 1850. His family contained six children, George, Jacob, William, Christopher W., Christena and Susan, all of whom have since passed away. Christopher W., though born in Germany was reared in Ohio and after reaching maturity engaged in business at Troy. He dealt in grain and hog products and eventually became quite prosperous for that, owning three boats on the Miami camp and considerable farming property. Changing conditions, however, and some unfortunate adventures caused him such a reverse of fortunes that he determined to select an entirely new location, and, with this in mind, he came to Indiana in 1855. A year later he purchased a farm of two hundred and fifty-five acres in Driftwood township, Jackson county, which he subsequently improved and made his place of residence until X. In that year he removed to Brownstown but did not survive the change, as his death occurred January 12, 1866. He was an unusually bright man, full of energy, even though he met with some sever financial reverses, on whole he was quite prosperous in business. He was a Whig while the party existed, subsequently a Republican and a man who always entertained patriotic views in every great crisis that threatened the state or nation. He married Mary Brown, member of a Rhode Island family who settled in Ohio during the earlier decades of the nineteenth century, and by this union there were eight children: Unknown, died in infancy; Ellen, deceased; Lowton O.; Mary, wife of Perry Jones of Seymour, Indiana; Elizabeth, first married to T. Lawrence and secondly to James Murdock, is at present a widow living in California; Sally, now deceased, first married to a Mr. Sprigman, and

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after his death espoused J. Morrison. All the children were well educated, Elizabeth, Sally and Mary having attended college at Oxford, Ohio. Morse B. Singer, second in age of the above enumerated children, was born in Miami county, Ohio, September 7, 1838, and as he grew up he enjoyed good educational advantages in the common schools and universities of Indiana. When about twenty-two years of age he bought a small farm in Driftwood township, consisting of one hundred and thirty acres, and here he has since constantly resided. In the earlier part of his business career Mr. Singer used oxen for draft purposes and hauled considerable timber with these slow but faithful animals. As the years passed, he added to his place of purchase until at present he owns thirteen hundred acres of land, most of it that unknown being in a good state of cultivation. In 1870 Mr. Singer built a commodious residence and fine barns, and here for thirty-three years he has lived amid the unknown to be derived only from association with affectionate relatives and hosts of friends. He no longer farms on an extensive scale, but rents most of his land to others for agricultural purposes. Nevertheless he rejoices in the possession of blooded and high-grade stock, especially the shorthorn cattle, and in all his operations shows himself to be a progressive, well-informed and up-to-date farmer. December 24, 1861, Mr. Singer married Pauline, daughter of James and Rachel (Evans) Burcham, members of a family noted in local pioneer history. Samuel Burcham, the grandfather of Mrs. Singer, entered a farm now adjoining that of the subject, and on this place, as far back as 1840 or 1842, was built the old Burcham Indiana fort. The Burchams, all of whom followed farming, but none of whom at present remain in the country were people of prominence in their day and left their impress on the early local history. The first Mrs. Singer having died October 24, 1874, the subject was married, in 1877, to Selma P., daughter of Morse Sontag, of Germany, once a farmer of Jackson county but at present a resident of Kansas. Mr. Singer by his two marriages became the father of fifteen children, those by the first marriage being Albert M., Clarence W., James B., Charles O., Ofla (died at the age of eleven years), Edith and Pauline. Those by the second marriage are Emma, Myron, Morse B., Selma, Irva, Goldie and two children that died in infancy unnamed. Mr. Singer has been careful to give a good education to all of his numerous offspring and some of the younger members of the family are still at school. Myra developed a decided taste for music and has gained considerable proficiency in that most popular of sciences. Morse B. assists on the farm and gives promise of becoming a skillful and successful agriculturalist. The entire family are connected more or less closely with the Methodist Episcopal church and enjoy esteem and welcome in the social circle to which they belong. Mr. Singer is a Republican in politics and has served three terms as trustee of his township, being the first of the political faith elected in Jackson county. This itself would indicate the esteem in which he is held by those who know him best, but closer inquiry discloses that his widest popularity rests on the firm basis of integrity of character, kindliness of disposition and a scrupulous fairness in all business dealings.

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